RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INSTITUTIONAL CHILD SUPPORT INTERVENTION SYSTEMS AND CHILD DELINQUENCY. A CASE OF JUVENILE REHABILITATION CENTERS IN KABETE CONSTITUENCY, KIAMBU COUNTY

  • Virginiah King'ori Kenyatta University
  • Jane Ngure
  • Eric Osoro
Keywords: Delinquency, institutional, intervention, support, reformation alleviating

Abstract

Child delinquency is an alarmingly increasing global phenomenon that is characterized by persistent antisocial behavior, where delinquents offend society with their aggression and may harm themselves as well. Considerable resources have been deployed by governmental and non-governmental agencies trying to address the vice, only with dismal success. In spite of the efforts made by governments, psychologists, families, and religious entities to curb child delinquency, there is still reported an exponential increase in the problem nationally and globally. For this reason, this study endeavored to establish the relationship between institutional child support intervention systems and child delinquency in Juvenile Rehabilitation Centers in Kabete, Kiambu County. The objective of the study was to determine the relationship between institutional support intervention systems and child delinquency in Kabete, Kiambu County. The target population was 118 comprising juvenile delinquents admitted to KJRC and DGRC, managers, teachers/trainers, and children welfare officers in the centers. The data was both qualitative and quantitative and was analyzed using SPSS 2000. The study adopted a cross-sectional and correlational research design and used the census method for sampling. Questionnaire was used for collecting data from juveniles and in-depth interview schedules on the centers’ staff. The study was guided by Brofenbrenner’s Ecological Systems Theory. A pilot study was done in Tumaini Rehabilitation Center with 20 participants, where its result of Cronbach Alpha (α) = 0.76 qualified research instruments reliability. The research expert examined the content for criterion validity. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze data. Tables were used to present the data while the mean was used to show the distribution of data. Simple linear regression was used to test if there was any relationship between the child intervention systems and child delinquency. Institutional support was given to the delinquents through the academic programs, vocational training, and administering of strict discipline in the center. Although the technical programs offered in the center are few and limited in scope, they have however significantly helped delinquents to find purpose in life. Findings indicated that there existed a positive relationship between institutional support and rehabilitation of delinquent children (R=0.938, P<0.05). The study concluded that institutional support intervention systems played a significant role in the rehabilitation of delinquent children. It recommended the introduction of the second section and an increase in the variety of technical courses in the centers. The study may benefit the education policymakers, national and county governments as well as institutions as they develop programs for alleviating child delinquency.

Published
2022-08-24
How to Cite
King’ori, V., Ngure , J., & Osoro, E. (2022). RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INSTITUTIONAL CHILD SUPPORT INTERVENTION SYSTEMS AND CHILD DELINQUENCY. A CASE OF JUVENILE REHABILITATION CENTERS IN KABETE CONSTITUENCY, KIAMBU COUNTY. PAC University Journal of Arts and Social Sciences, 4(1), 18-30. Retrieved from http://pacujass.pacuniversity.ac.ke/index.php/PACUJASS/article/view/64